Plastic pollution is defined as the accumulation of the
different types of plastic material on land, as well as in water bodies like
rivers, oceans, canals, lakes, etc. As a commodity, it is used on a large scale
all around the world. Basically, it is a synthetic polymer that consists of many organic
and inorganic compounds, and is mostly derived from petrochemicals like olefins.
Plastic materials are mainly classified as thermoplastics (polystyrene and polyvinyl chloride)
and thermosetting polymers (polyisoprene). Apart from these, they can also be classified as
biodegradable, engineering, and elastomer plastics. Although they are extremely useful in many ways,
and have been an important part of the global polymer industry, their production as well as disposal,
pose a great threat to all the life forms on Earth.
Plastic generally degrades in about 500 – 1000 years, though we may never know its actual
degradation time, as this material has been in long-term use only since the last
century. During its manufacture, many hazardous chemicals are emitted that can lead
to dreadful diseases in humans as well as other animals. Ethylene oxide, xylene,
and benzene are some of the chemical toxins present in plastic, which
can have hazardous effects on the environment. It is not easy to dispose
it off, and it can cause permanent harm to living beings. Several additives
found in plastic, such as phthalates, adipates, and even alkylphenols, have been
recognized as toxic materials. Vinyl chloride, which is used in the manufacturing of PVC pipes,
is classified as a carcinogen.
29 Kg of Plastic found inside Dead Whale.